Arthritis & Osteoporosis

Physical therapy can be beneficial for both arthritis and osteoporosis, although the approaches may differ slightly for each condition. Here’s how physical therapy can help with both arthritis and osteoporosis.

Pain management

Physical therapists can use various techniques, such as manual therapy and modalities like heat or cold, to help manage pain associated with arthritis. They can also teach you exercises and stretches that can reduce pain and improve joint mobility.

Arthritis & Osteoporosis


Improved range of motion

Arthritis often leads to reduced joint flexibility. Physical therapists can develop personalized stretching and range of motion exercises to help improve your joint flexibility, which can increase your mobility and reduce stiffness.

Strengthening muscles

Weak muscles can exacerbate arthritis symptoms. Physical therapy includes strength training exercises to help you build muscle around affected joints, providing better support and reducing pain.

Balance and Coordination: Arthritis can affect your balance and coordination, increasing the risk of falls. Physical therapists can incorporate balance and coordination exercises into your treatment plan to reduce the risk of injury.

Joint protection techniques

Physical therapists can educate you on techniques for protecting your joints during daily activities, including proper body mechanics, joint-friendly strategies, and the use of assistive devices like splints or braces.

Customized Exercise Programs: Physical therapists create individualized exercise programs tailored to your specific type and severity of arthritis. These exercises are designed to minimize pain and improve joint function.


Patient education is a key component of physical therapy. You’ll learn about your condition, its progression, and how to manage it effectively. This knowledge empowers you to make informed decisions about your daily activities and lifestyle choices.


Posture and alignment

Physical therapists can assess your posture and alignment to help reduce the risk of fractures associated with osteoporosis. They will teach you techniques for maintaining proper body mechanics to avoid falls and injury.

Strength and balance training

Osteoporosis can weaken bones, making you more prone to fractures. Physical therapy includes strength and balance exercises to improve muscle strength and coordination, which can reduce the risk of falls.

Weight-bearing exercises

Physical therapists can design weight-bearing exercises that are safe for individuals with osteoporosis. Weight-bearing exercises help to strengthen bones and improve bone density.

Fall prevention

Physical therapists can teach you fall prevention strategies to reduce the risk of fractures. This may include balance training, gait training, and home safety assessments.

Pain management

For individuals with osteoporotic fractures or pain, physical therapists can provide pain management techniques and exercises to minimize discomfort.

In both cases, an OSI physical therapist will develop a tailored treatment plan to address your needs.