The Dangerous Signs of a Concussion & How to Treat It

The Dangerous Signs of a Concussion & How to Treat It

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When you or a loved one gets concussion, it’s important to recognize the symptoms quickly. The symptoms can vary depending on how severe the injury and the individual that was injured. So how do you recognize if you have a concussion?

Symptoms you may experience:

  • memory problems
  • confusion
  • drowsiness or feeling sluggish
  • dizziness
  • double vision or blurred vision
  • headache
  • nausea or vomiting
  • sensitivity to light or noise
  • balance problems
  • slowed reaction to stimuli

The symptoms could come on immediately or they might not develop for hours, days, weeks, or even months following an injury. When you’re in recovery after a concussion, you could experience:

  • irritability
  • sensitivity to light or noise
  • difficulty concentrating
  • mild headaches

What if someone you know has a concussion? Could you recognized their symptoms? Here’s what you need to look out for:

  • irritability
  • balance issues
  • loss of coordination
  • problems walking
  • seizures
  • draining of blood or clear fluid from the ears or nose
  • unequal pupil size
  • abnormal eye movement
  • lasting confusion
  • slurred speech
  • repeated vomiting
  • brief loss of consciousness after the injury
  • an inability to wake up (also called a coma)

If you see someone experiencing these symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

How is a concussion diagnosed?

If you visit a doctor or emergency room, the doctor will start with asking you question about how the injury occurred and what symptoms you’re experiencing. They will perform a physical exam to determine what symptom you have that you might not recognize.

If you’re experiencing more symptoms, an MRI or a CT scan of your brain to check for serious injuries. Some doctors will even conduct an eye test to look for concussions. They will look for pupil changes, eye movements, and light sensitivities.

How to treat a concussion:

The treatment program for a concussion depends on the severity. If you are experiencing minor symptoms like light headaches, the doctors might recommend pain relievers like Advil or Tylenol and having a friend or loved one keep an eye on you. They will recommend plenty of rest, avoiding sports, no driving or riding a bike for at least 24 hours or up to even a few weeks/months.

Anything more serious with severe effects from your concussion such as bleeding in the brain or swelling of the brain, may require surgery or other medical procedures.


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The Dangerous Signs of a Concussion & How to Treat It

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