[Video] First Aid Recertification Tips And Information

[Video] First Aid Recertification Tips And Information

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First Aid Recertification Tips And Information

Today I had CPR and first aid recertification. Thankfully I have not had to use CPR in a real life situation, but today I wanted to go over some of the CPR highlights since the guidelines have changed a little since 2005.

When you come upon a situation that requires CPR, you have either witnessed the scene happen; actually see the person go into distress and go unconscious (WITNESSED), or you come across the scene and notice the victim (UN-WITNESED)

If you witness the victim go down, you need to go call for help, or have someone else call for help as your first step. If you come across the victim you need to go right into CPR. The reason for this is, if you did not witness the victim go down, you do not know how long they have been unconscious, so getting the circulation pumping again right away is your main concern. where A witnessed scene you know that you have some time to spare to call for help. After doing CPR for 5 minutes in an un-witnessed scene with no arousal, you may go call for help.

CPR: Adult
Single Rescuer CPR:

First Aid Recertification Tips - OSI Physical Therapy ageSo, witnessed or un-wittnessed, here is how you start CPR. Remember the first step is CAB. C: circulation, A: airway, B: breathing. You are to check for responsiveness, breathing, and pulse all simultaneously now, not each separate. This saves time to check all three at once, not checking for more than 10 seconds. LOOK, LISTEN, and FEEL.To check the pulse you place 2 fingers on the carotid artery. After you assess they do in fact need CPR you go RIGHT into compressions. No recuse breaths anymore, 30 COMPRESSIONS is preformed first, followed by 2 breaths (making sure the airway is open by tilting the head back. Look and see that the chest is rising with each breath, if you see the stomach rising instead, reposition and repeat the 2 breaths.) 

Hand Placement: One hand lays flat in the middles of the chest, while you interlock the fingers of the other on top. Arms straight, lean in and use your body weight to get good compressions.Adults: 100 compressions pre minute with the compression depth at 2 inches.

2 Rescuer CPR: The compressions and breaths are the same, now you just have someone to help you so you don’t fatigue. Do the 30:2 ratio, but switch jobs every 2 cycles.

Preform CPR until an AED arrives. Keep doing the compressions while someone else places the pads for you. Follow instructions on AED. Check surroundings and deliver shock. If shock is not given, continue CPR. 

Chocking Responsive Adult:

If adult is coughing on something, incourage them to “keep coughing”. Once the coughing stops and they are chocking, without getting any breaths in, you need to start abdominal thrust until object is dislodged. Stand behind victim and place one hand in a fist and put that hand right on top of the belly button. With other hand grab over your fist, and thrust hard in and upwards at the same time. If victim becomes unresponsive from the choking, lower to the ground, and preform CPR as stated above, but looking to see if object has become dislodged before each breath. START COMPRESSIONS RIGHT AWAY.

 

CPR: Infant,
Single Rescuer CPR:

First Aid Recertification Tips - OSI Physical Therapy ageSo, witnessed or un-wittnessed, here is how you start CPR. Remember the first step is CAB. C: circulation, A: airway, B: breathing. You are to check for responsiveness, breathing, and pulse all simultaneously now, not each separate. This saves time tp check all three at once, not checking for more than 10 seconds. LOOK, LISTEN, and FEEL. To check an infants pulse, you place 2 fingers at the brachial artery. After you assess they do infact need CPR you go RIGHT into compressions. No recuse breaths anymore, 30 COMPRESSIONS is preformed first, followed by 2 breaths (making sure the airway is open, and the chest is rising with each breath, if you see the stomach rising instead, reposition and repeat the 2 breaths.) 

Hand Placement: 2 fingers over the infants chest pressing straight down.

Pediatric: 100 compressions per minute with the compression depth at 1/3 of chest.

2 Rescuer CPR: If you are able to preform CPR with another rescuer, the steps are the same, only the hand placement and the number of compression are a bit different. The compressions should be given with the “two thumb encircling technique”. This is where you wrap your hands around the babies back, with your fingers at the scapulas, and have 2 thumbs on the chest delivering the compressions. Preform 15 compressions, then 2 rescue breaths.

Preform CPR until an AED arrives. Keep dong the compressions while someone else places the pads for you. Follow the instructions on the AED. Check surroundings and deliver shock. If shock is not given, continue CPR.

 

Chocking Responsive Infant:

First Aid Recertification Tips - OSI Physical Therapy [2]If infant is chocking and not receiving any air you need to alternate back blows and chest thrusts until object is dislodged. Place infant laying on their stomach, resting on your thigh (supporting head and neck with one hand, placing your forearm under their stomach for support) and deliver 5 back blows right in the middle of the back. Flip infant over so you are supporting the back of their head with your hand, having your forearm support under their back, and deliver 5 chest thrusts with 2 fingers in middle of chest. Repeat until object is dislodged or infant becomes unresponsive. If victim becomes unresponsive from the choking, lower to the ground and preform CPR as stated above, but looking to see if object has become dislodged before each breath. START COMPRESSIONS RIGHT AWAY.

Hopefully you never come across a situation where you need to give CPR, but if you do, I hope you take something away from this blog, and save a life!

– Alli

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Alexandra Bui

Alexandra Bui

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